Most people never even look inside their dog or cat’s mouth to see if there are any problems. Because they can carry infectious organisms, every year ticks infect thousands of animals which eventually get to infect human. Illnesses like Lyme disease, babesiosis, and ehrlichiosis, among others are some of the diseases that infect dogs.
Pathogen transmission can occur as quickly as three to six hours after a bite occurs, so the sooner you remove the tick the less chance there is that your dog will get sick.
A tick has a one-piece body. The harpoon-like barbs of its mouth attach to a host for feeding. Crablike legs and a sticky secretion help hold the tick to the host. Ticks range in size from almost impossible to see with the naked eye, to ones the size of a human fingertip.
They can survive—and thrive—in woods, beach grass, lawns, forests, and even urban areas. Ticks also aren’t picky eaters: they feed on mammals, birds, and even other insects.
How To Remove A Tick From Your Dog
Using a pair of forceps is the most common and effective way to remove a tick. But not just any forceps will work. You should use fine-point forceps, to avoid tearing the tick and spreading possible infections into the bite area.
Spread your dog’s fur, then grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible. Very gently, pull straight upward, in a slow, steady motion.
This will prevent the tick’s mouth from breaking off and remaining embedded in the skin. People often believe it’s the head of the tick that embeds in the skin. But ticks don’t have heads, in the conventional sense, so what gets inserted into your dog is known as “mouth parts.”
Another option that is even easier to master is the use of a tick removal hook. It’s especially useful if you live in a tick-dense area where you dog is frequently playing host to the vexing little creatures.
NOTE: Never remove a tick with your fingers—it’s not only ineffective, the squeezing may further inject infectious material. After you’ve removed the tick, make sure to wash your hands thoroughly, clean the bite site with rubbing alcohol, and rinse the tweezers or tool with disinfectant
References: 1, 2 and 3